Gender Inequality Index in India is in very worst condition at many places. Gender Inequality Index has been checked into many sectors like:- Health sector , Education Sector , Jobs Sector ,Economic, Political Opportunities. As many as men in this world are women. That means 50% male and 50% are women. God has created both men and women, without the woman, man can not work without a man woman can not work
Gender Inequality Index in India is in very worst condition at many places. Gender Inequality Index has been checked into many sectors like:- Health sector , Education Sector , Jobs Sector ,Economic, Political Opportunities.
As many as men in this world are women. That means 50% male and 50% are women. God has created both men and women, without the woman, man can not work without a man woman can not work . To say it means that women and men are dependent on each other. It means that women should have a 50% stake in each job, but in reality it is not so. You can also look around in your house, whether girls are seen as boys. It may be that you and your households have a good mentality for girls, and this should happen, but in fact, most of the girls are not seen as boys. We move forward towards our subject, we will talk about Gender Inequality Index.
Meaning: Gender Inequality Index ,In simple terms, it is discrimination against women based on gender. Women are seen in the society in terms of traditionally weaker sections, they are given less importance than men, women are exploited in and out of the house, they are oppressed and they are underestimated. This kind of discrimination and discrimination with women is done everywhere in the world, but it is most popular in Indian society.
Reasons and nature of Gender Inequality Index in India:
In Indian society, women are worshiped like Goddess, but even then, discrimination against girls is increasing in the family day by day. The main reasons for gender discrimination are as follows: -
1. Male-dominated society : In India, the main root of gender discrimination is to be a male-dominated social order. It is a system in which men exploit and abuse women. Exploiting women is part of an old tradition of Indian society. Male system has got legitimacy and it has been accepted even in religious beliefs, whether it is Hindu religion, Muslim or any other religion.
2. Religious belief: According to mid mugal era , when women are in childhood, they remain under the supervision of their father, when they get married, they remain under their husbands and when they become old So he is subject to his sons. Under any circumstances, they are not allowed to stay independently. The description of this misery of women is still present in our society. If there are exceptions left, women do not have the right to independently make decisions at home and outside. There are similar concepts towards women in Muslim religion and other religions.
3. Recognition of the current social status of women: Unfortunately in our society, women themselves are also responsible for this misery of gender discrimination. He has also continued this social tradition. They have admitted that they have less importance in this society compared to men.
4. Education : Educating girls is still seen in the context of a bad investment in Indian society as she leaves her father's house after marriage one day. Therefore, due to the lack of good education, women can not afford skilled jobs of the present time, whereas girls' results in board results of tenth and twelfth grade every year are far better than boys. It shows that after 12th, parents do not pay much attention to girls, due to which girls did not get good skilled jobs.
5. Health : Education is not only in health but women are far behind from men. In the family, feeding food and food of their desire to the boys is fed, whereas girls are given food to eat and low nutritional food. This is what causes health problems later in the coming years. Infant mortality and lack of blood, it is the main cause of the girls being malnourished in their maternal and in-laws' homes.
Important figures of Gender Inequality Index in India:
According to the World Economic Forum WEE report, India's position in Gender Inequality Index in 144 countries in the world was 87th in 2016. In 2017, India's position has deteriorated to 108. The participation of women in various important areas is as follows: -
Gender Inequality Index Report at Position of India in the World according to Different Sector
Position of women in health sector - 141
Women's participation in the economic sector - 139
Participation of women in political political sphere - 15
In the field of education - 112
Some such horrific statistics of Gender Inequality Index causes that show the situation of the women of our country, which is a danger bell for us.
1. Fetal murder and infanticide: Female feticide and infant killing are very inhuman acts. It is very popular in India. Despite strict rules like examining the post-birth sex, there has been a huge increase in abortion figures. According to an assessment of McPherson, more than 100000 illegal abortions are done every year in India, because the fetus belongs to a girl.
2. Sex ratio of 0 to 6 years: Due to too much female feticide, it is a danger bell for us. According to the 2011 Census report, the proportion of children in the 0 to 6 classes was 919, which was 8 points lower than the 2001 figure of 927. These figures show that there is an increase in abortion of gender investigations in our country.
3. Sex-ratio : As far as overall sex ratio is concerned, according to the 2011 report, there were 943 females per 1000 males, which was 10 points higher than the 2001 figure of 933. This is a good sign, but the number of women is still low.
4. Female literacy : Rate of female literacy in 2011 was 65.46% for female literacy rate compared to 82.14. This difference shows that Indians do not pay much attention to girls' education.
5. Maternal mortality rate: In India, maternal mortality rate is 178 per lakhs.
Steps taken by the government to end Gender Inequality Index:
Constitutional Security: Indian Constitution provides positive efforts to end gender discrimination. The preamble of the Constitution talks about the goal of achieving social economic and political justice and provides equal citizenship and opportunity to its citizens. Although women have the equal right to vote with us in the political system. In addition to gender related discrimination in Article 15, prohibits the discrimination of religion, class, caste and birth place.
Article 15 (3) authorizes the state to pass any special provision for women and children. Apart from this, the Directive Principles of State Policy also provide various provisions for the benefit of women and for protection against discrimination.
Legal safety measures: Statutory measures have also been issued in addition to statutory safeguards to eliminate atrocities against women, and to give them equal status in society. Sati Prevention (1987) Dowry Treatment (1961) Inter-caste Marriage, Inter-religion Special Marriage Act, Birth Pregnancy Investigation has been implemented in 1991 and 1994. Keeping in view the needs of the society, the government keeps changing the rules from time to time to protect women. Section 304-B provides strict punishment for strict dowry and life-long prison for burning dowry and marriage.
There are many legal security measures and safety mechanisms for women, but despite all these provisions, women are still considered to be second class citizens. Crime against women is terribly big. Dowry is still present in our society and today even in society, feticide and child are being killed.
Gender inequality Index can be eradicated by adopting various measures which are as follows: -
However, every year the government initiates various schemes and programs for the benefit and empowerment of women. But there really are not enough visible changes on the ground. The change will only take place when Indian society will change its mindset. We will see the boy and the girl in one sight. The girl will not be considered burden. Only then can we completely eliminate gender inequality Index from Indian society in real terms.