How to protect children properly from the sun
How to protect children properly from the sun
Everyone should be careful to protect themselves from harmful UV rays. But children need special protection. Because a large part of the skin damage caused by the sun already arises in childhood. Early damage is particularly dangerous because it has a long-lasting effect on the skin and significantly increases the risk of developing skin cancer. What you should pay attention to when sun protection for children, reveals this guide.
Children's skin is much more sensitive to the sun than that of adults. This is partly because their skin is thinner. On the other hand, unlike adult skin, it hardly forms any pigments that naturally protect the skin from the sun. This self-protection does not build up until the second year of life. Basically, human skin has the ability to repair mild UV damage, but children's skin can not. Therefore, it is even more important that sunburn and even slight skin redness caused by sunlight are avoided.
Sun especially dangerous for babies
In their first year of life, babies should be exposed to virtually no sunlight. Anyone staying outside with their child should always visit a shady place. Even a stroller or umbrella are not enough to protect you from the blazing sun, as the baby can overheat underneath. Children of all ages should especially avoid the sun in the summer between 11 and 15 o'clock, because at this time of day the UV radiation is particularly intense.
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Protect eyes from UV radiation
You can protect the children's skin from the sun with the right clothing, with sunscreen and by avoiding the blazing sun - but also the eyes of the little ones must be protected.
Similar to the skin pigments provide some protection of the eyeball from UV radiation, but they alone can not prevent damage to the eye by intense sunlight. Sunglasses are therefore important in the summer months and in winter when it is snow, as the sunlight is reflected off the white surface and can cause irritation in the eye.
But even the first rays of sunshine in spring should not be underestimated; and even in overcast conditions, up to 80 percent of UV radiation penetrates through the cloud cover.
Finding the right sunglasses
Sometimes it's not so easy to convince kids to put on sunglasses. Parents should therefore lead by example and also wear sunglasses. When buying it is essential to pay attention to a high quality of the glasses.
When choosing the right pair of sunglasses, you should always pay attention to the CE label and the "UV-400" on the eyeglasses. The CE mark guarantees compliance with EU safety standards and "UV-400" states that rays with a wavelength of up to 400 nanometers are filtered. Only at this level of protection are the lens and retina sufficiently protected. The lenses should always cover the eyes and the area around them generously. Furthermore, the material of the sunglasses should be shatterproof and scratch resistant. Suitable model sizes for children and adults, including quality brands such as Ray-Ban, can be found for example in the shop of Edeloptics.
The right clothing is just as important for effective sun protection. Children should always wear a cap or hat to protect the delicate areas of the face, neck and ears. The clothes should not be too tight, otherwise a heat accumulation threatens. Recommended is airy clothing that covers as much of the body as possible; ideal are long-sleeved blouses or shirts and long, wide-cut trousers. On hot summer days, parents should dress their children in bright clothes. Meanwhile, there are also fabrics with integrated UV protection, which should comply with the "UV standard 801".
Use sunscreen properly
In addition, children should be creamed with sunscreen. However, this should not be tempted to let the little ones play longer in the blazing sun. Experts also advise caution when using sun creams in babies under twelve months: The thin, sensitive baby skin absorbs more chemicals from the cream than adult skin. In addition, babies can not yet sweat properly to cool the body, and sunscreen makes the process even more difficult. Therefore, sunscreen should be applied to babies only fine and not the whole body. If the baby is older than twelve months, the use of sunscreen is no longer worrying. Nevertheless, parents should cream their children with lotion especially for children - this does not dry out the sensitive skin of children so much.
It is advisable to apply the sunscreen generously at least half an hour before you go out - especially in places that are not covered by clothing, such as face, hands and feet. Importantly, the lotion blocks both UV-A and UV-B rays. In addition, the SPF should be at least 30. The sunscreen wears off due to sweat and abrasion, which is why parents should cream regularly. When splashing in the water make sure to use water-resistant sun lotion - which must also be applied again after every run into the water.