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The central support structure of our body is the spine and when any injury or disorder occurs to it, the person will find difficulty in doing activities that involve the spine. One of the spine disorders is Isthmic Spondylolisthesis that occurs when one of the vertebrae slips from its place onto the vertebra below it. In this condition, the spine becomes unstable and this means that vertebrae move more than their normal movement.
In simpler terms, we could say that spondylolisthesis is the condition where a vertebra slips out of its position and rests on the one below it. The symptoms of the condition can be relieved with non-surgical treatment, but in severe cases, surgery using orthopedic implants like Bone Screws and Bone Plates are required.
What are the Causes of Isthmic Spondylolisthesis?
This condition may result when the bone fails to form properly. Besides this, isthmic spondylolisthesis can also occur due to the accumulation of physical stress to the spine. Stress may weaken the bone or insufficiently formed structures in the vertebrae could break. Apart from all this, repeated heavy lifting may also cause small fractures that could eventually lead to vertebral slip.
Not all people suffering from isthmic spondylolisthesis may experience pain. Here are certain symptoms that may be seen during this condition:
- Muscle spasms
- Weakness in leg
- Lower back pain
- Irregular limp or gait
- Tight hamstring muscles
How is it Diagnosed?
First of all the doctor will ask for the medical history including symptoms and the severity. Plus, the doctor may also ask about the treatment you were taking. After that, a physical examination will be done to assess the limitations in the movement, pain, muscle weakness, or other neurological injury signs.
The doctor will also ask for an X-ray examination to gain clarity and confirm the actual condition of the spine. MRI or CT scan may also be indicated in some cases.
Isthmic spondylolisthesis can be treated either with non-surgical or surgical procedures.
It is seen that most of the cases of this condition can be treated without surgery. During the treatment, the doctor may suggest:
- Bed rest for a short time
- Prevent you from doing certain activities
- Medication to relieve pain
- Anti-inflammatory medicines
- Physical therapy
- Injections of steroids
- Muscle relaxants
When it comes to the surgical treatment of isthmic spondylolisthesis, then spine implants using trauma implants like bone screws & rods and bone grafting are a few of the most common procedures. Both of these surgical procedures have different techniques and the correct one will be chosen by the surgeon depending upon the patient's condition.
Siora Surgicals is one of the best Orthopedic Implants Exporters in Romania that you can choose to get international standard quality trauma implants.
The Bottom Line
The field of orthopedics is advancing with each passing year and with every advancement, it is getting answers to some of the challenging questions in this field. If we talk about spinal injury, then it is not easy to live with the condition. Isthmic spondylolisthesis is one of the spinal disorders that hamper the quality of life. But the field of orthopedics has become so advanced that it has got answers to this condition as well. There are both types of treatments i.e. operative and non-operative for this condition and both have been known to be very effective.
Here, we have discussed isthmic spondylolisthesis along with its causes and treatment. We hope that this information must have been useful to you.