indianelection electionprocessinindia

Understanding Indian elections

This article is about understanding Indian elections, types of Indian elections and eligibility criteria for it.

Understanding Indian elections can be a bit confusing for some, but it is not as difficult as it looks. In India or in a democracy elections are used as tools for selecting representatives. Indian elections are of four different types which are explained as follows: -

1.Lok sabha Elections

  • The members are elected directly by voting. An Indian adult of 18 years in age and above is eligible to vote from his/her constituency.The candidates who win are called ‘Member of Parliament’ and their tenure lasts for five years.
  • This election takes place after every 5 years to elect 543 members. In order to make a government a party needs 272 MPs and the leader of the party is chosen as the prime minister.

2.State Assembly Elections

  • Indian citizens of age 18 years and above can vote from their constituency and those winning the election are called  ‘Member of Legislative Assembly’.
  • The candidates who get elected hold their seats for 5 years.

3.Rajya Sabha Elections

  • Candidates are elected by the members of the parliament or nominated by the President of India.
  • Each member has a tenure of 6 years. Rajya sabha acts as a review body during the procedure of converting a bill into act.However, some restrictions have been placed by the Constitution of India which makes Lok Sabha more powerful in certain areas.

4.Local Body Elections

  • Leaders are elected by the concerned people.
  • Different local bodies include Corporations, Panchayats, Municipalities, etc.

Election Commission

It is a federal body which makes sure that the elections run smoothly.It has been given powers by the constitution of India to take action against any inappropriate situation before or during elections.


  • The EVM - Electronic voting machines are used to cast a vote. Candidates name along with its party symbol is present on the machine with a button besides every party name. Voter has to press the button next to their preferred party or candidate.
  • VVPAT - A voter verified paper audit was introduced in 2014 and was operational only in 8 constituencies but from 2019 elections it has been made mandatory throughout the country.
  • VVPAT helps voters to cross check if the vote given by them has gone to their desired party as the machine produces a paper slip that contains the name, symbol and serial number of the same party selected by the voter for his vote.

To know more detail you can visit: Understanding Indian elections  on NRIGO.

NRIGO is an online information portal providing basic and important information to the Indians outside India or anyone who has some doubts regarding any procedures, documentation, investment, travel, shopping, etc in India.

We at NRIGO, try our best to make things simple. All the articles which are posted are written in very simple english for everyone to understand. The articles related to any topic are verified before publishing to avoid any kind of confusion. In order to make things more convenient, links, contact numbers and addresses are also given of the mentioned organisation or person so that you don't have to go through the hassle of finding the contacts.

Some of our commonly read articles on our site are - Importing Car to India, How To Rent A Car In India, How To Apply For OCI Card,Getting Indian Passport for a NewBorn, Indian Websites Which Ship International, Top 7 Wedding Planners In India, Top 8 International Schools In India and many more.

One can find a variety of topics related to India at NRIGO. Our Team tries to deliver its 100% in providing all the information about a topic and in addition to it in our comment box anyone can write down his doubts or questions which we assure to clarify in minimal time with maximum and relevant information.

We try to cover almost every aspect or doubt which we feel an outsider can have regarding certain things in India. However, we really appreciate any kind of suggestions or feedbacks from our users so that we can help them in a better way.

Enjoy reading our rb_blog and keep yourself updated regarding various topics in India.

Write a Comment