What is plasma cutting and how does it work- plasma cutting

What is plasma cutting and how does it work?

Workpieces built of electrically conductive elements are cut through by handling an escalated jet of hot plasma.

It is a useful way to cut thick sheet metal. Whether you are producing artwork or making polished parts, plasma cutting gives endless chances for cutting aluminum, stainless steel, and more. But what exactly is behind this almost new technology? We explain the fundamental questions in our summary of plasma cutting. 

How plasma cutting works

Plasma cutting is a method in which electrically conductive elements are cut using an accelerated jet of hot plasma. Typical parts that can be cut with a plasma light are steel, stainless steel, aluminum, brass, copper, and other conductive metals. Plasma cutting is generally used in the making, automotive repairing and recovery, industrial type, salvage, and scrapping. Due to the high speed and accuracy of the cuts at low cost, plasma cutting is used broadly from large mechanical CNC uses to small craft firms where the elements are finally used for welding. The basic plasma cutting and welding method builds an electrical flow of superheated, electrically ionized gas, i.e., plasma from the plasma cutter into the workpiece to be cut, thus creating a complete circuit back to the plasma cutter by an earth terminal. A compressed gas oxygen does this, air, inert gas, and others depending on the element to be cut, which is blown to the workpiece at a high rate through a focused end. Within the gas, a curve forms in a wire near the gas nozzle and the workpiece itself. This electric curve ionizes part of the gas and creates an electrically conductive plasma channel. The plasma cutter's cutting torch runs by this plasma as the plasma cutter's current gives off ample heat to melt by the workpiece. Together, much of the fast plasma and condensed gas blow the hot molten metal off, parting the workpiece.

Plasma cutting is a useful way to cut thin and thick elements. Hand lights can generally cut up to 38 mm thick steel sheets; more critical, automated lights can cut up to 150 mm thick steel sheets. As plasma cutters give a very hot and very localized cone for cutting, they are fit for cutting and welding sheets in bent or angled shapes.

Advantages of plasma cutting


  • execution of one or more jets depending on the list
  • cutting of all electrically conductive metals
  • cutting of high-alloy steel and aluminum metals in medium
  • best performance in small and fine steel thicknesses
  • cutting of high-strength raw steel with lower heat data
  • high cutting rates 
  • any altering of high-quality gaps for medium and thick sheet ores
  • plasma cutting assures automation 
  • plasma cutting marine lets shallow heat exposure and low noise level at the workplace 

Applications of Plasma Cutting

Mills usually use manual plasma cutters for thin metal processing, factory keeping, agricultural maintenance, welding centers, metal service centers (scrap, welding, and dismantling), building work (e.g., buildings and bridges), commercial shipping, van making, car repair and works of art.

Mechanized plasma cutters are usually much broader than manual plasma cutters and are used in connection with cutting tables. Mechanized plasma cutters can be united into a punching, laser, or robot cutting system. The size of a mechanized plasma cutter depends on the table and portal used. These systems are not simple to manage, so all their parts should be viewed and the system's plan before placing.

While companies also offer compound units that are proper for both plasma cutting and welding. In the technical sector, the rule of thumb is the more difficult the terms for plasma cutting, the higher the prices.

Plasma cutting with improved binding effect

Swirl gas is usually used in the plasma cutting trade to better the plasma column and a firm necking arc. As the number of inlet gas spirals rises, the radial force moves the highest pressure to the plenum's end and the least pressure point closer to the pole. The difference between the top and least pressure rises with the number of spins. The radial direction's large pressure difference narrows the arc and leads to the high current frequency and ohm heating near the axis.

This results in a much higher temperature near the cathode. It should be seen that twist gas quickens cathode depletion for two purposes: Raising the plenum's pressure and changing the flow pattern near the cathode. It should be taken into account that the gas with a high spin number raises the swirl speed part at the cutting point according to the storage of angular force. It is thought that this affects many angles at the left and right corners of the kerf. 


For many years now, we have given the best products to our clients. Our products are used to protect thousands of induction furnaces and other uses that involve plasma cutter. Custom options are open for all our goods to suit different areas.


Write a Comment