MEDICINE DRUGS-FOOD INTERACTIONS " HIDDEN DANGERS" Human beings consume food to satisfy their physical growth and physical needs. This food can be eaten non-vegetarian or vegetarian in any form. But sometimes a person becomes sick and ill when he develops a disorder in his body. To recover the disease, patients have to take medicines. But very few of us know that to the extent that the medicines and foods consumed by the body have a negative and positive impact on our body. We should take care of what precautions should be taken during the medicines.
FOOD-DRUGS MEDICINE INTERACTION " HIDDEN DANGERS"
Human beings consume food to satisfy their physical growth and physical needs. This food can be eaten non-vegetarian or vegetarian in any form. But sometimes a person becomes sick and ill when he develops a disorder in his body. To recover the disease, patients have to take medicines. But very few of us know that to the extent that the Drugs and foods consumed by the body have a negative and positive impact on our body. We should take care of what precautions should be taken during the medicines.
In our body, drugs share the same route of absorption and metabolism as nutrients, which creates the potential for interactions.
When food affects medicine Foods cant affect drug action in many ways. The most common is when foods interfere with absorption, which can make a drug less effective. For example, calcium in milk can bind to the antibiotic tetracycline, interfering with its absorption. Nutrients or other components of food can also interfere with a drug's metabolism, or how it is broken down in the body. Finally, foods can affect the elimination of drugs from the body. So some dirugs should not be taken with food. Other drugs must be taken with food to prevent stomach irritation.
When medicine affects nutrients
Some drugs interfere with the absorption of nutrients. For example some cholesterol-lowering medications reduce the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Others affect the body's use or elimination of nutrients, like diuretics, which can cause a depletion of potassium, and lead to a deficiency.
The following are some of the more serious food-drugs interactions that can occur between food and medicine (see also "Foods and Drugs That Don't Mix").
MAO inhibitors and foods containing tyramine :-
Mixing monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors a class of medications used to treat depression with foods high in tyramine produces one of the most dramatic and dangerous food-drugs interactions. Symptoms include a rapid rise in blood pressure, severe headache, collapse, and even death. Foods high in tyramine include aged cheese, chicken liver, certain red wines, yeast extracts, procesed meats, dried or pickled fish, legumes, sov sauce and beer.
Grapefruit juice contains a compound that can increase the absorption of certain drugs, which can result in receiving a larger dose than was intended. This effect is not seen with other citrus fruit juices. Examples of drugs that are affected include AIDS medications, cholesterol-lowering "statins," calcium channel blockers, antihypertension drugs, and cyclosporine, an immune system Suppressant. As a general rule it is better to stay away from taking any medication with grapefruit juice. Since compounds in grapefruit juice can stay in the blood for 24 hours, effects may be noted even if the medication is not taken directly with the juice.
Foods high in vitamin K
Vitamin K is essential for clotting blood. Foods high in vitamin K, such as Swiss chard, kale, spinach, brussels sprouts, broccoli, and other leafy greens, can interfere with blood thinners.
Alcohol and medications can not mix up as people talk that alcohol is also medicine. Alcohol can slow down the body's metabolism, so medications stay active longer than they should. In some cases, mixing alcohol with medication can be fatal. Try to avoid it completely when taking prescription or over-the-counter medications.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE DRUGSI DEPLETE POTASSIUM
Many antihypertensive drugs deplete the body's reserves of potassium, an electrolyte that maintains the body's fluid balance and is also essential for nerve and muscle function. People on these medications should eat lots of bananas, citrus and dried fruits, tomatoes, and other potassium-rich foods.
Tips for taking medicines safely
1. Always carry a list of your medications and doses.
2.When your doctor prescribes a new medicine, tell him about any other drugs you are taking. He gives the counter drugs medicine and nutrients vitamin supplements with new medicine.
3.If you have any side effects trom a medication, contact your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
4.It is usually best to take prescription medications with a full glass of water. IT can prevent to stomach from irritation and help to good absorption. Should not take medicine with soft or cold drinks or grape fruit juice.
5.Don't mix your medications with food or drink unless instructed to by your doctor or pharmacist.
6.Always read and comply with any directions that come with your medication.
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