To understand the evolution of an artistic movement, the diversity of styles of artists and their influences, it is necessary to take a step back. Today, it's focus on abstract art: Arts per sums up its pictorial history for you, to read before your next exhibition.
To understand the evolution of an artistic movement, the diversity of styles of artists and their influences, it is necessary to take a step back. Today, it's focus on abstract art: Arts per sums up its pictorial history for you, to read before your next exhibition. Now with the abstract painting online this is important.
First abstract watercolor (1910)
Debut in Eastern Europe
Abstract painting was born at the start of the 20th century. The artistic landscape of the time consisted mainly of Fauvism, Cubism and figurative expressionism. Art is marked by the liberation of color, forms, and above all, the subject. So much so that little by little, the figuration is squarely left out, the content abandoned for the pure form. Audacity and chromatic research characterize this period; the style of the artists frees itself more and more from the academic shackles.
The beginnings of abstract wall art are difficult to pin down. We observe indeed the simultaneous appearance of different painters with various styles, each bringing his very personal touch to the definition of abstraction. If a date had to be given at the beginning of abstract art, 1910 was (almost) unanimous. It corresponds to the First abstract watercolor by Vassily Kandinsky. This Russian painter, attached to the avant-garde current of Eastern Europe, is the first to paint without any figuration. This is how abstract art will be defined: as an art which, unlike figurative art, does not represent reality, abstracts from it . This art focuses on colors, shapes, freed from the usual subjects or objects from the outside world.
Rationality and expressiveness
Abstraction can be roughly summarized in two ideas: on the one hand, the search for rationality, for an order independent of external reality; on the other hand, the development of the expressive and symbolic function of color, the rhythm of forms, and their independence from the subject. Artists like Kandinsky, Kupka, Delaunay find in chromatic diversity an important range of emotions. Bright red or deep blue, spread on the canvas, have a certain effect on the viewer, communicating a state of mind. The Czech painter Kupka, one of the pioneers of the movement, declared: "It therefore seems more opportune to consider and question the sensations of light, of different character and value, as they arouse in us states of mind." You can buy abstract paintings online there now.
Different abstract arts
Abstract art is a rich movement, quickly divided into subcategories with very specific codes. Kandinsky is the representative of lyrical abstraction; at the heart of his concerns is the power of emotions and the impact of color on human beings. Malevich represents suprematism: a movement which seeks pure pictorial sensitivity and where shapes and colors are worked for themselves. The latter's works are more geometric, less colorful than those of Kandinsky, which are comparable to a whirlwind of shapes and colors, yet expertly organized. Piet Mondrian, meanwhile, with its squares of primary colors and black lines, opens the way to geometric abstraction, an almost mathematical art. We also note the development of the orphism, carried by the Delaunays who use acid colors and rounded shapes completely covering the canvas. These different trends are almost concomitant, and last until the 1930s.
Jackson Pollock - Autumn Rhythm (Number 30), 1950
In the 1940s and 1950s a new movement of abstraction developed, instigated by American painters: it was abstract expressionism. In the aftermath of the Second World War, this new style literally invaded the artistic landscape. Figures like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning left their mark and are still among the most popular on the market today. Even within abstract expressionism, several names are used according to the artists. In the case of indian abstract painting this is important. Pollock, for example, is the representative of action-painting, a painting characterized by the virulent gestures of the painter, who shakes his brush over the canvas, creating spots of color ("spotting") that form little to little work. Here, it is the painter's physical act that is at the center of the artistic process, and not the (otherwise nonexistent) subject of the painting. Color Field-painting, large areas of vibrant colors, is worn by artists like Rothko or Clyfford Still, and advocates an empowerment of color, freed from the subject and the canvas.
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